vision spinner 2 atomizer to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even comprehensive bans, but evidence shows that the use of e-cigarettes may cause Young people smoking is not as strong as it seems. "Said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences. The research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for use of e-cigarettes. Although the correlation between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data is collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification. In addition, none of the studies included negative controls that would show whether the association is causal. For this reason, experts in reducing the harm of tobacco have long pointed out that the correlation between cigarettes and e-cigarettes cannot be considered causal, that is, because personality factors also need to be considered. Young people have a higher tendency to experiment than other age groups. Moreover, those who tend to experiment with personality types may be involved in a variety of substances, including e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes. The researchers added: "Many evidence has not considered the nicotine content of e-cigarettes used by non-smokers, which means that it is difficult to conclude whether nicotine is the mechanism that causes this association. "They concluded that future research should address the issues that have already been highlighted, and use more advanced tests to analyze the correlation between e-cigarettes and smoking." />

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On April 24, according to Vapingpost, an analysis combining 17 studies to investigate whether e-cigarette use is related to subsequent smoking showed that the evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke is not as strong as it seems . Research findings conducted by researchers from the University of Bristol Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG) with the support of the MRC Integrated Epidemiology Unit (IEU) in Bristol and the NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Center (BRC) , Young non-smokers of e-cigarette users are almost five times more likely to smoke than ordinary people. However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called "gateway effect" or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. "Policy makers have used the results of research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even comprehensive bans, but evidence shows that the use of e-cigarettes may cause Young people smoking is not as strong as it seems. "Said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences. The research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for use of e-cigarettes. Although the correlation between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data is collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification. In addition, none of the studies included negative controls that would show whether the association is causal. For this reason, experts in reducing the harm of tobacco have long pointed out that the correlation between cigarettes and e-cigarettes cannot be considered causal, that is, because personality factors also need to be considered. Young people have a higher tendency to experiment than other age groups. Moreover, those who tend to experiment with personality types may be involved in a variety of substances, including e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes. The researchers added: "Many evidence has not considered the nicotine content of e-cigarettes used by non-smokers, which means that it is difficult to conclude whether nicotine is the mechanism that causes this association. "They concluded that future research should address the issues that have already been highlighted, and use more advanced tests to analyze the correlation between e-cigarettes and smoking.On April 24, according to Vapingpost, an analysis combining 17 studies to investigate whether e-cigarette use is related to subsequent smoking showed that the evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke is not as strong as it seems . Research findings conducted by researchers from the University of Bristol Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG) with the support of the MRC Integrated Epidemiology Unit (IEU) in Bristol and the NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Center (BRC) , Young non-smokers of e-cigarette users are almost five times more likely to smoke than ordinary people. However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called "gateway effect" or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. "Policy makers have used the results of research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even comprehensive bans, but evidence shows that the use of e-cigarettes may cause Young people smoking is not as strong as it seems. "Said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences. The research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for use of e-cigarettes. Although the correlation between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data is collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification. In addition, none of the studies included negative controls that would show whether the association is causal. For this reason, experts in reducing the harm of tobacco have long pointed out that the correlation between cigarettes and e-cigarettes cannot be considered causal, that is, because personality factors also need to be considered. Young people have a higher tendency to experiment than other age groups. Moreover, those who tend to experiment with personality types may be involved in a variety of substances, including e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes. The researchers added: "Many evidence has not considered the nicotine content of e-cigarettes used by non-smokers, which means that it is difficult to conclude whether nicotine is the mechanism that causes this association. "They concluded that future research should address the issues that have already been highlighted, and use more advanced tests to analyze the correlation between e-cigarettes and smoking.

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Latest research: There is no conclusive evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke

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On April 24, according to Vapingpost, an analysis combining 17 studies to investigate whether e-cigarette use is related to subsequent smoking showed that the evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke is not as strong as it seems . Research findings conducted by researchers from the University of Bristol Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG) with the support of the MRC Integrated Epidemiology Unit (IEU) in Bristol and the NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Center (BRC) , Young non-smokers of e-cigarette users are almost five times more likely to smoke than ordinary people. However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called "gateway effect" or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. "Policy makers have used the results of research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even comprehensive bans, but evidence shows that the use of e-cigarettes may cause Young people smoking is not as strong as it seems. "Said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences. The research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for use of e-cigarettes. Although the correlation between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data is collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification. In addition, none of the studies included negative controls that would show whether the association is causal. For this reason, experts in reducing the harm of tobacco have long pointed out that the correlation between cigarettes and e-cigarettes cannot be considered causal, that is, because personality factors also need to be considered. Young people have a higher tendency to experiment than other age groups. Moreover, those who tend to experiment with personality types may be involved in a variety of substances, including e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes. The researchers added: "Many evidence has not considered the nicotine content of e-cigarettes used by non-smokers, which means that it is difficult to conclude whether nicotine is the mechanism that causes this association. "They concluded that future research should address the issues that have already been highlighted, and use more advanced tests to analyze the correlation between e-cigarettes and smoking.

Latest research: There is no conclusive evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke

On April 24, according to Vapingpost, an analysis combining 17 studies to investigate whether e-cigarette use is related to subsequent smoking showed that the evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke is not as strong as it seems . Research findings conducted by researchers from the University of Bristol Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG) with the support of the MRC Integrated Epidemiology Unit (IEU) in Bristol and the NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Center (BRC) , Young non-smokers of e-cigarette users are almost five times more likely to smoke than ordinary people. However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called "gateway effect" or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. "Policy makers have used the results of research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even comprehensive bans, but evidence shows that the use of e-cigarettes may cause Young people smoking is not as strong as it seems. "Said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences. The research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for use of e-cigarettes. Although the correlation between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data is collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification. In addition, none of the studies included negative controls that would show whether the association is causal. For this reason, experts in reducing the harm of tobacco have long pointed out that the correlation between cigarettes and e-cigarettes cannot be considered causal, that is, because personality factors also need to be considered. Young people have a higher tendency to experiment than other age groups. Moreover, those who tend to experiment with personality types may be involved in a variety of substances, including e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes. The researchers added: "Many evidence has not considered the nicotine content of e-cigarettes used by non-smokers, which means that it is difficult to conclude whether nicotine is the mechanism that causes this association. "They concluded that future research should address the issues that have already been highlighted, and use more advanced tests to analyze the correlation between e-cigarettes and smoking.

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Latest research: There is no conclusive evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke

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On April 24, according to Vapingpost, an analysis combining 17 studies to investigate whether e-cigarette use is related to subsequent smoking showed that the evidence that e-cigarette use may cause young people to smoke is not as strong as it seems . Research findings conducted by researchers from the University of Bristol Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG) with the support of the MRC Integrated Epidemiology Unit (IEU) in Bristol and the NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Center (BRC) , Young non-smokers of e-cigarette users are almost five times more likely to smoke than ordinary people. However, these findings do not provide conclusive evidence about the so-called "gateway effect" or the theory that nebulization causes smoking. "Policy makers have used the results of research, including the research we conducted in this study, to support strict supervision of e-cigarettes, including restrictions on flavors and even comprehensive bans, but evidence shows that the use of e-cigarettes may cause Young people smoking is not as strong as it seems. "Said Jasmine Khouja, a TARG PhD student in the School of Psychological Sciences. The research team found some research-related problems in the analysis, and concluded that smoking is not suitable for use of e-cigarettes. Although the correlation between e-cigarette use by non-smokers and subsequent smoking appears to be strong, the available evidence is not reliable because the data is collected through self-reported measurements of smoking history rather than biochemical verification. In addition, none of the studies included negative controls that would show whether the association is causal. For this reason, experts in reducing the harm of tobacco have long pointed out that the correlation between cigarettes and e-cigarettes cannot be considered causal, that is, because personality factors also need to be considered. Young people have a higher tendency to experiment than other age groups. Moreover, those who tend to experiment with personality types may be involved in a variety of substances, including e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes. The researchers added: "Many evidence has not considered the nicotine content of e-cigarettes used by non-smokers, which means that it is difficult to conclude whether nicotine is the mechanism that causes this association. "They concluded that future research should address the issues that have already been highlighted, and use more advanced tests to analyze the correlation between e-cigarettes and smoking.

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